AUSTIN, Texas (CBSDFW.COM/AP) — A group of doctors in Austin, Texas, warned Friday against police use of so-called “less lethal” munitions for crowd control after they treated people who were severely hurt during protests in May.

In a letter published in the New England Journal of Medicine, 12 doctors from the Dell Seton Medical Center at The University of Texas said Austin police who fired bean bag rounds caused injuries including bleeding on the brain and a skull fracture.

“Although our report reflects the experience at only one center during a short period and we cannot determine the frequency of injuries when these munitions are used, these findings highlight the fact that beanbag munitions can cause serious harm and are not appropriate for use in crowd control,” the letter said. ”In light of the ongoing nationwide protests, these observations are relevant to the broader medical community as well as to policymakers seeking to reduce rates of police-induced injuries and fatalities.”

Austin’s police chief pledged in June to stop firing beanbag rounds into crowds, after a teenage protester was critically hurt when he was shot in the head with a bean bag.

There is little previous research on the impact of less lethal munitions and what does exist points to minor blunt injury patterns, the doctors said in the letter. But they said that some cases they witnessed in Austin resulted in a need for serious treatment including emergency intubation and prolonged stays in intensive care units.

Patients ranged in age from 16 to 54, the letter said, and five of those injured had head injuries. Two had facial fractures, and 12 had other injuries including contusions, cuts and other bone fractures. The doctors’ letter includes images of CT scans to show brain and skull injuries and a photograph of a patient with a bean bag stuck in her face.

Dr. Kristofor Olson and Dr. Laura Haselden were lead writers of the letter, which said of the 19 people treated at the UT hospital, eight were admitted to the hospital, seven underwent surgery and four retained fragments or entire beanbag bullets.

In Dallas, resident Brandon Saenz said he lost his left eye after being hit by a sponge round while in a crowd protesting police brutality on May 30.

Protests broke out nationwide in late May following the death of George Floyd, who died after a Minneapolis police officer pressed his knee on Floyd’s neck for nearly eight minutes, even after Floyd said he couldn’t breathe.

The use of force to tamp down demonstrations against police brutality has caused outcry nationwide, most notably when federal agents clashed with protesters in Portland, Oregon, and law enforcement deployed tear gas and flash bangs to break up a peaceful gathering in Washington, D.C., before President Donald Trump walked to a church to be photographed holding a Bible.

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